Push aside Sam Colt! Stand up real deal Sheroes and Heroes of the Civil War!

Posted: October 28, 2011 in art, For your information, Our Stories

The radical abolitionists—Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman and John Brown—are the only figures in American history before the emergence of the worker’s movement with whom we can identify. We know this as a fact.  Walt Whitman and Albert D. J. Cashier are our people our true heroes. Clara Barton opened up the door to providing relief to victims of war and disaster on a neutral bases, with a caring for humanity. These folks are indeed our sheroes and heroes. These folks indeed stand up tall stong and powerful. We celebrate them.

Push Aside Sam Colt  Real Deal Sheroes and Heroes of the Civil War is a posting by Furbirdsqueerly and Friends.  We are folks who think that there was far more to those days then the gun runner, money-grubbing, don’t care who I kill Sam Colt. (to put it mildly) as we can. We here at Furbirdsqueerly dedicates this posting to all of the true Sheroes and Heroes of  the Civil War area and hope that this is a counter balance to any, if any, and all celebrations of Sam Colt and the buckets of blood that built that empire. We invite our readers to join us in commemorating these greats from her and his-story past, those who inspiration lives on and those who truly are the sheroes and heroes of the Civil War.

Our true sheroes and heroes

Sweet Honey in the Rock–Sojourner’s Battle Hymn (1)

Sojourner Truth

1797-1883

“That man over there says that women need to be helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches, and to have the best place everywhere. Nobody ever helps me into carriages, or over mud-puddles, or gives me any best place! And ain’t I a woman? Look at me! Look at my arm! I have ploughed and planted, and gathered into barns, and no man could head me! And ain’t I a woman? I could work as much and eat as much as a man – when I could get it – and bear the lash as well! And ain’t I a woman? I have borne five children, and seen almost all sold off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother’s grief, none but Jesus heard me! And ain’t I a woman?” —Sojourner Truth, Aint, I a woman?

Isabella Baumfree was a Dutch speaking slave born in Hurley,New York. In 1843 she gave herself the name Sojourner Truth. Truth was an abolitionist and women rights activist. In 1826 she escaped with her infant daughter to freedom. Sojourner Truth went to court to recover her son and became the first black women to win such a case against a white man. Her best know speech on racial inequalities, Ain’t I a Woman, was delivered in 1851 at the Ohio Women’s rights Convention in Akron Ohio. During the Civil War Truth tried unsuccessfully to secure land grants from the federal government for former slaves. Truth became on of the countries most eloquent voices for the causes of anti-slavery and women’s rights. Sojourner Truth a true Shereo of the people. We celebrate her life.

“Slavery is a state of war.”

– John Brown

File:John brown 1859.jpg

John Brown

1800-1859

Portrait of John Brown, a militant abolitionist who attempted to use force to free the slaves in the South. On the night of October 16, 1859, Brown and a small band of followers seized the Federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry. The weapons were to be used by his “army of emancipation.” They took 60 hostages and held out against the local militia, but were then attacked by U.S. Marines under the command of Col. Robert E. Lee (who would later command the Confederate Armies). Two of Brown’s sons and ten others were killed in the fighting. Brown was wounded and taken prisoner. He was tried by the Commonwealth of Virginia and convicted of treason, murder and inciting slaves to rebellion.  (3)

“Now, if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life, for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and MINGLE MY BLOOD FURTHER WITH THE BLOOD OF MY CHILDREN, and with the blood of millions in this Slave country, whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments — I say LET IT BE DONE.” John Brown before he was hanged.

Abolition was the great cause of his day. Brown was an abolitionist with a difference. He saw to the heart of the matter: that slavery was war, the war of one portion of humanity against another. Unlike many in the Abolitionist movement, he regarded the humanity of Africans as a given; it was the humanity of the white race that was in question.

Here John Brown aimed at human slavery a blow that woke a guilty nation. With him fought seven slaves and sons of slaves. Over his crucified corpse marched 200,000 black soldiers and 4,000,000 freedmen singing:

“John Brown’s Body lies a mouldering in the grave
But his Soul Goes Marching on!”

++++++++++++++++++++++

Twenty-one men followed John Brown to Harper’s Ferry. Twenty-one individuals with different backgrounds and occupations, rich, poor, black, white, some born free and others born into bondage; men with many differences joined in one common goal – – to end slavery. Knowing the risks, they joined Brown’s Provisional Army and sixteen gave their lives with the hope that four million slaves would one day be free. For portraits of these men see: http://www.nps.gov/hafe/historyculture/upload/Raiders03-2.pdf (4)

“When a noble deed is done, who is likely to appreciate it? They who are noble themselves.” …Henry David Thoreau. (5)

 

Harriet Tubman

1820-1913

Harriet Tubman was a runaway slave from Maryland who became known as the “Moses of her people.” Over the course of 10 years, and at great personal risk, she led hundreds of slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad, a secret network of safe houses where runaway slaves could stay on their journey north to freedom. She later became a leader in the abolitionist movement, and during the Civil War she was a spy with for the federal forces in South Carolina as well as a nurse. I found a short story within the story of Harriet Tubman to be of interest. Harriet was a herbalist and a nurse working in Maryland with dead and dying Union soldiers, at the time knew if she could find a certain plant, the water Lilly and geranium then the bitter tea could be used to heal dying soldiers of dysentery. (6 ) This proved to work as you will see from the information listed below. The life of Harriet Tubman illustrates in a particularly acute fashion the tremendous obstacles black women faced regarding even the elementary decencies of life. Despite her courageous work for black freedom, she lived in poverty all her life and was compelled to wage a decades-long fight for the pension her Civil War service entitled her to. Harriet Tubman a true Shero of the people.

Civil War Hospital Flag (7)

 Walt Whitman

1819-1892

A true gay hero, compassionate toward the wounded, dying and with love soothing making all whom you came in contact with feel that they had not been forsaken. Your poems nurture us to today, teach us about compassion and love, and we know what it truly means to be a gay man.  You brought to life the emotions of the war on a very intimate level. We celebrate Walt Whitman as a true gay hero of our people.

In Angel Price’s has this to say, “Besides firsthand diaries of soldiers, the most poignant scenes of the Civil War come from Walt Whitman’s wartime prose and most distinctly his book of poetry entitled Drum Taps (1865) Many of its poems resulted from his years in Washington, D.C., spent as a psychological nurse to sick and wounded soldiers. Whitman wrote to a friend in 1863, “The doctors tell me I supply the patients with a medicine which all their drugs & bottles & powders are helpless to yield” in reference to the aid of his cheerful disposition and careful attention to the welfare of the soldiers.’ (7a)

When Lilacs Last In The Door Yard Bloomed

The Wound Dresser

Walt Whitman

An old man bending I come among new faces,
Years looking backward resuming in answer to children,
Come tell us old man, as from young men and maidens that love me,
(Arous’d and angry, I’d thought to beat the alarum, and urge relentless war,
But soon my fingers fail’d me, my face droop’d and I resign’d myself,
To sit by the wounded and soothe them, or silently watch the dead;)
Years hence of these scenes, of these furious passions, these chances,
Of unsurpass’d heroes, (was one side so brave? the other was equally brave;)
Now be witness again, paint the mightiest armies of earth,
Of those armies so rapid so wondrous what saw you to tell us?
What stays with you latest and deepest? of curious panics,
Of hard-fought engagements or sieges tremendous what deepest remains?
2
O maidens and young men I love and that love me,
What you ask of my days those the strangest and sudden your talking recalls,
Soldier alert I arrive after a long march cover’d with sweat and dust,
In the nick of time I come, plunge in the fight, loudly shout in the rush of successful charge,
Enter the captur’d works—yet lo, like a swift running river they fade,
Pass and are gone they fade—I dwell not on soldiers’ perils or soldiers’ joys,
(Both I remember well—many of the hardships, few the joys, yet I was content.)
But in silence, in dreams’ projections,
While the world of gain and appearance and mirth goes on,
So soon what is over forgotten, and waves wash the imprints off the sand,
With hinged knees returning I enter the doors, (while for you up there,
Whoever you are, follow without noise and be of strong heart.)
Bearing the bandages, water and sponge,
Straight and swift to my wounded I go,
Where they lie on the ground after the battle brought in,
Where their priceless blood reddens the grass, the ground,
Or to the rows of the hospital tent, or under the roof’d hospital,
To the long rows of cots up and down each side I return,
To each and all one after another I draw near, not one do I miss,
An attendant follows holding a tray, he carries a refuse pail,
Soon to be fill’d with clotted rags and blood, emptied, and fill’d again.
I onward go, I stop,
With hinged knees and steady hand to dress wounds,
I am firm with each, the pangs are sharp yet unavoidable,
One turns to me his appealing eyes—poor boy! I never knew you,
Yet I think I could not refuse this moment to die for you, if that would save you3
On, on I go, (open doors of time! open hospital doors!)
The crush’d head I dress, (poor crazed hand tear not the bandage away,)
The neck of the cavalry-man with the bullet through and through I examine,
Hard the breathing rattles, quite glazed already the eye, yet life struggles hard,
(Come sweet death! be persuaded O beautiful death!
In mercy come quickly.)
From the stump of the arm, the amputated hand,
I undo the clotted lint, remove the slough, wash off the matter and blood,
Back on his pillow the soldier bends with curv’d neck and side falling head,
His eyes are closed, his face is pale, he dares not look on the bloody stump,
And has not yet look’d on it.
I dress a wound in the side, deep, deep,
But a day or two more, for see the frame all wasted and sinking,
And the yellow-blue countenance see.
I dress the perforated shoulder, the foot with the bullet-wound,
Cleanse the one with a gnawing and putrid gangrene, so sickening, so offensive,
While the attendant stands behind aside me holding the tray and pail.
I am faithful, I do not give out,
The fractur’d thigh, the knee, the wound in the abdomen,
These and more I dress with impassive hand, (yet deep in my breast a fire, a burning flame.)
4
Thus in silence in dreams’ projections,
Returning, resuming, I thread my way through the hospitals,
The hurt and wounded I pacify with soothing hand,
I sit by the restless all the dark night, some are so young,
Some suffer so much, I recall the experience sweet and sad,
(Many a soldier’s loving arms about this neck have cross’d and rested,
Many a soldier’s kiss dwells on these bearded lips.)

Civil War Musical Log–My Name is Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass

1818-1895

Douglass was a firm believer in the equality of all people, whether black, female, Native American or recent immigrant.

“I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong.”

Frederick Douglass American social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery he became a leader of the abolitionist  movement, gaining note for his dazzling oratory  and incisive antislavery writing. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders’ arguments that slaves did not have the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens  Many Northerners also found it hard to believe that such a great orator had been a slave. 

In 1848, Douglass was the only African-American to attend the first women’s rights convention, the Seneca Falls Convention. Elizabeth Cady Stanton asked the assembly to pass a resolution asking for women’s suffrage. Many of those present opposed the idea, including influential Quakers James and Lucretia Mott. Douglass stood and spoke eloquently in favor; he said that he could not accept the right to vote as a black man if women could not also claim that right. He suggested that the world would be a better place if women were involved in the political sphere.

“In this denial of the right to participate in government, not merely the degradation of woman and the perpetuation of a great injustice happens, but the maiming and repudiation of one-half of the moral and intellectual power of the government of the world” Douglass’ powerful words rang true with enough attendees that the resolution passed.”

“Liberty won by white men would lose half its luster. “Who would be free themselves must strike the first blow.” Better even die free, than live slaves. The relation between the white and colored people of this country is the great, paramount, imperative and all-consuming question for this age and nation to solve. The destiny of the colored American is the destiny of America.” (8)

No More Auction Block for Me.

Sung by Sweet Honey in the Rock

File:Clarabartonwcbbrady.jpg

Clara Barton (9)

1821-1912

“The Angel of the Battlefield”

“The Pictures on the Wall, 1864 Civil War Ballad, Tom Roush”

More american soldiers died during the civil war than in any other war, but two-thirds of them died of disease, not battle wounds. The 50th regiment of Indiana Infantry listed 57 men killed in battle or who died of their wounds and 161 who died of disease.. Terry Kovel

Clara Barton was a nurse, humanitarian, teacher and founder of the American Red Cross. Shortly after the Civil War began Barton was tending the wounded Massachusetts soldiers quarter in the U.S. Senate Chamber in Washington DC. Baton established an agency to obtain and distribute supplies to wounded soldiers and rode in the war ambulances to give comfort to wounded soldiers and nurse them back to health. Clara Barton served on the front lines of the battlefields and became the “Lady in Charge” of hospitals at the front. In 1865 Clara was in charge of the search for the missing men of the Union Army.  According to history a young solider provided Barton with a list of the dead, some 13,000 that he copied in the Andersonville prison. This list was published in newspapers of the day and Barton began a nationwide campaign to identify all soldiers missing during the Civil War.  Barton on a trip to Geneva Switzerland was introduced to the Red Cross.  When she returned to the United States she inaugurated a movement to gain recognition for the International Committee of the Red Cross. The Red Cross was to provide relief voluntarily on a neutral basis.  Clara Barton a true Shero of the people.

John Huelskamp tells the story of Albert D. J. Cashier.

Albert D. J. Cashier

1843-1915

Albert J. Cashier a Irish American Solider was born Jennie Hodgers in 1843. Jennie dressed as a boy and stowaway on a boat to the United States and worked in a shoe factory. In 1862 he lived in Belvidere Illinois and enlisted in the Ninety-fifth Illinois Infantry. Cashier fought under Ulysses S. Grant and in 1865 the regiment was mustered out of the Federal Army. Cashier participated in some 40 battles in the years of service to the Union. Albert Cashier fought in the battles of Nashville, Mobile and Vicksburg.  After the war Cashier lived as a man for the rest of his life and worked as a laborer, drew a pension from his service in the army and in later years went to live in the Quincy Illinois Soldiers Home. Cashier stated in later years that “a desire of adventure and the army’s attractive wages inspired her to enlist.” (11 )

Many women also join the army because of staunch patriotism,  to avoid a life of passivity and subjugation, to be with their husbands, boyfriends or lovers, to escape abuse and oppression in their lives at home, and some to challenge women’s role in the society. Poor and working class women were probably enticed by the promise of a regular paycheck. Such women we can indeed say were revolutionary, by refusing to stay in their socially mandated place, as frail, subordinate, passive and not interested in the public realm.

Albert D. J.Cashier died in 1915 in an insane asylum and was buried in Saunemin Ill in his Civil War uniform. Albert D. J. Cashier a true hero of our people.

Notes:

(1) This song is a strong and wonderful part of our heritage. It gives me chills with its beauty, truth, and raw emotion. It doesn’t matter that there are 3 versions around. They all are inspirations to us. Enjoy!

This stirring a cappella version of the black soldier’s Civil War marching song is brilliant. ( “Marching Song of the First Arkansas Colored Regiment”). It is from Sweet Honey in the Rock on “Still On The Journey: The 20th Anniversary Album” released in 1993. There are differing stories about its origin, but they all lead back to a Captain Miller who wrote a “Marching Song” first mentioned to his mother in a letter he wrote her Jan. 20, 1864. The song is a powerful testament of the hopes and dreams of the black soldiers set to the tune of “John Brown’s Body.” Years later, a Civil War veteran said he once heard a black regiment sing it just before a battle and they made the welkin [heavens] ring, and inspired all who heard it.” * info from internet sites & Wikipedia (with other confirmation.)

Sojourner Truth, a female, black speaker and worker against slavery made a version of the song, “The Valiant Soldiers,” which appears in the 1878, 1881, and 1884 editions of her “Narrative”. She sold her booklets and song sheets to support herself at her speeches. Her song is almost identical to Captain Miller’s version of the “Marching Song”. In the post-Civil War editions of Truth’s Narrative, “The Valiant Soldiers” is introduced by this sentence by Francis Titus: “The following song, written for the first Michigan Regiment of colored soldiers, was composed by Sojourner Truth during the war, and was sung by her in Detroit and Washington.” She did sing the song, but she was first linked to the song in 1878, fourteen years after Miller’s version was published in the National Anti-Slavery Standard. *internet historical sites & Wikipedia.

In 1993, Sweet Honey in the Rock recorded “Sojourner’s Battle Hymn,” which was basically “The Valiant Soldiers” by Sojourner Truth, which was actually the “Marching Song of the First Arkansas Colored Regiment” by Captain Miller, with a few less stanza’s.

Song Composers: Bernice Johnson Reagon

Song Lyrics – ‘Sojourner’s Battle Hymn’ as sung by Sweet Honey in the Rock. Lyrics transcribed by Lily Phan.

Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah!
Glory, glory, hallelujah, as we go marching on.

We are the Yankee soldiers who’ve enlisted for the war;
We are fighting for the Union, we are fighting for the law;
We can shoot a rebel farther than a white man ever saw,
As we go marching on.

Look there above the center, where the flag is waving bright;
We are going out of slavery, we are bound for freedom’s light;
We mean to show Jeff Davis how the Africans can fight,
As we go marching on.

Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah!
Glory, glory, hallelujah, as we go marching on.

We are done with hoeing cotton, we are done with hoeing corn;
We are colored Yankee soldiers, just as sure as you are born.
When the Rebels hears us shouting, they will think it’s Gabriel’s horn,
As we go marching on.

They will have to pay us wages, the wages of their sin;
They will have to bow their foreheads to their colored kith and kin;
They will have to give us houses, or the roof will tumble in,
As we go marching on.

(we’re singing)
Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah!
Glory, glory, hallelujah, as we go marching on.

We has the proclamation, Rebels hush it as you will;
And the birds will sing it to us, hopping on the cotton hill;
The possum up the gum tree couldn’t even keep it still,
As he went climbing on.

Abraham has spoken, and the message has been sent;
The prison doors have opened, and out the prisoners went
To join the sable army of African descent,
As we go marching on.

Glory, glory, hallelujah! Glory, glory, hallelujah!
Glory, glory, hallelujah, as we go marching on.

(2) Sojoruner Truth from the Library of Congress Web Quide

(3)  Harper’s Ferry National Park, with links to other information see: http://www.nps.gov/hafe/historyculture/john-brown.htm

(4 ) The Conspirators Biographies see: http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/jbrown/men.html. An excellent source for information on John Brown’s Army.

The men of John Brown’s army.

Owen Brown
Owen Brown
Watson Brown
Watson Brown
Oliver Brown
Oliver Brown
William Thompson
William Thompson
Dauphin Thompson
Dauphin Thompson
Jeremiah Anderson
Jeremiah Anderson
O. P. Anderson
O. P. Anderson
John E. Cook
John E. Cook
John A. Copeland
John A. Copeland
Barclay Coppoc
Barclay Coppoc
Edwin Coppoc
Edwin Coppoc
Shields Green
Shields Green
Albert Hazlett
Albert Hazlett
John H. Kagi
John H. Kagi
Lewis S. Leary
Lewis S. Leary
William H. Leeman
William H. Leeman
Francis Merriam
Francis Merriam
Dangerfield Newby
Dangerfield Newby
Aaron Stevens
Aaron Stevens
Stewart Taylor
Stewart Taylor
C. P. Tidd
C. P. Tidd

 (5) See The Last Days of John Brown, by Henry David Thoreau.

After Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation and gave the go-ahead to the recruitment of black troops, nearly 200,000 joined up to fight for their own freedom.

Writing in 1861, Karl Marx said, “The present struggle between the South and North is, therefore, nothing but a struggle between two social systems, the system of slavery and the system of free labour. The struggle has broken out because the two systems can no longer live peacefully side by side on the North American continent. It can only be ended by the victory of one system or the other” [“The Civil War in the United States”]. Criticizing Lincoln’s early wavering on emancipation, Marx declared, “Events themselves drive to the promulgation of the decisive slogan—emancipation of the slaves.”

Harriet Tubman

Herbs gallery - Water Lily

Water Lilly

(6 ) Water Lilly uses of:

The aquatic plant water-lily belonging to genus Nuphar possesses a number of attributes that are beneficial for our health. The rhizome of this plant is antiseptic as well as astringent. A decoction prepared with the water-lily rhizome is effective in curing dysentery or diarrhea. In addition, practitioners of herbal medicine have also used the water-lily plant to treat other conditions, such as kidney pain, congestion of the bronchi as well as recommended using it as a gargle to treat aching throats. The rhizome is also used to prepare a douche to treat soreness of the vagina and abnormal vaginal discharges. Combined with other herbs like linseed or slippery elm, the water lily rhizome is also used as a poultice to treat abscesses and boils.

The rhizome of water-lily possesses numerous therapeutic properties, including astringent, antiscrofulatic (any medicine that cures scrofula), anodyne (a medicinal substance that alleviates pain), sedative and demulcent. As mentioned earlier, the rhizome is collected during autumn and can be dehydrated and stored for use when necessary. The flowers of this aquatic plant are known to decrease sexual desire (aphrodisiac) and have a tranquilizing effect. It is believed that ingestion of any formulation prepared with water-lily flowers soothes the nervous system and has a narcotic consequence on the nerves. These properties of water-lily flowers make them useful for treating conditions like sleeplessness, nervousness and other comparable problems. It has been recorded that a decoction prepared with water-lily flower and administered as a uterine injection can cure uterine cancer completely…..from Herbs2000.com

Wild Geranium

Wild Geranium uses of:

Wild Geranium is valued as a useful astringent and homeostatic. The roots contain large amounts of tannin, which is a bitter-tasting polyphenol produced by the plant. Polyphenols bind and precipitate proteins explaining its properties as both an astringent and styptic. When applied topically, an astringent binds to the mucous membrane causing it to constrict or shrink. This process serves the dual purpose of both protecting the area to which it was applied and promoting healing. A homeostatic is any agent that stops bleeding through mild coagulation of skin proteins.

Early Native Americans recognized the value of Wild Geranium and used it as an ingredient in many medicinal treatments. Chippewa Indians used dried, powdered rhizomes mixed with grape juice as a mouthwash for children with thrush. A poultice from the base or pounded roots of the plant was used to treat burns and hemorrhoids. The leaves and roots were used to treat sore throats, hemorrhages, gonorrhea, and cholera. Like many other tannin-containing substances, Native Americans also used Wild Geranium as an anti-diarrhea treatment. A plant infused tea was made to achieve this purpose. …..Source from St Olaf College Natural Lands

(7) Hospital flag  visit-gettysburg.com. http://www.visit-gettysburg.com/images/civil-war-hospital-flag.jpg

(7a) Whitman’s Drum Taps and Washington Civil War Hospitals, Angel Price.

(8) Frederick Douglass from Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Douglass

(9 )  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clara_Barton

(10) A Southern Prison

Andersonville Prison was a confederate prison of war camp used during the civil war in Andersonville Georgia. A Union Solider taken prisoner had this to say: “As we entered the place, a spectacle met our eyes that almost froze our blood with horror, and made our hearts fail within us. Before us were forms that had once been active and erect;—stalwart men, now nothing but mere walking skeletons, covered with filth and vermin. Many of our men, in the heat and intensity of their feeling, exclaimed with earnestness. “Can this be hell?” “God protect us!” and all thought that He alone could bring them out alive from so terrible a place. In the center of the whole was a swamp, occupying about three or four acres of the narrowed limits, and a part of this marshy place had been used by the prisoners as a sink, and excrement covered the ground, the scent arising from which was suffocating. The ground allotted to our ninety was near the edge of this plague-spot, and how we were to live through the warm summer weather in the midst of such fearful surroundings, was more than we cared to think of just then.” …Kellogg, Robert H. Life and Death in Rebel Prisons, Hartford Ct: L Stebbins 1865. During the war, 45,000 prisoners were received at Andersonville prison, and of these 12,913 died.

For more on Andersonville Prisoner of War Camp see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andersonville_National_Historic_Site

Albert D. J. Cashier

(11 ) Albert D. J. Cashier see: Hicks-Bartlett, Alani (February 1994). “When Jennie Comes Marchin’ Home”. Illinois History. http://www.lib.niu.edu/ipo/1994/ihy940230.html. Retrieved 2007-12-13.

Jennie Hodgers, AKA Pct. Albert D. J. Cashier, A Transgender Soldier fights in the Civil War, Maureen Zieber. (For a really good essay on Cashier’s life see: http://www.suite101.com/content/jennie-hodgers-aka-pvt-albert-dj-cashier-a206963.

http://www.civilwarwomenblog.com/2006/11/female-soldiers-of-civil-war.html

Our next piece in this series will be More Colt, More Die for the Money. Coming out late November as a Furbirdsqueerly answer to the exhibiton at the Wadsworth Atheneum. We also look forward to several essays coming in from friends of Furbirdsqueerly that will be published in November.

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