More Colt More Die For The Money: So Troubling, the Benevolent Mrs. Colt.

Posted: August 9, 2014 in for your reflection, Real Food For Thought

Here is where we stand: “As indigenists, as revolutionaries, we stand firm in our rejection of all heroes of empire and the distorted histories around them spun by both the forces of the colonial state and its loyal opposition among the so-called left”… Eaemaehkiw Thupaq Kesiqnaeh

More Colt, More Die For The Money: So Troubling, the Benevolent Mrs. Colt.

We have some ideas floating around in our heads after recently publishing a piece on Sam Colt and how he made his money. In the course of the discussion a person here in Hartford in order to deflect from the conversation at hand and the celebration of Sam Colt’s 200 birthday  came out swinging with the idea that Sam Colts wife Elizabeth was a very good woman who gave away much of the family fortune and that she should be honored and celebrated. Well, okay we said to her, we are not talking about Elizabeth Jarvis Colt but Mr. Colt. But if you insist and want to open up that can of worms then we have to respond with just a tab bit of history first and then some ideas to share.  After Sam Colt’s death in 1862 she (Mrs. Colt) continued to maintain tight control of the Colt factory for most of the forty-three years she outlived her husband. (1) It was during this period that the Gatling Machine Gun was produced.  Upon her death Mrs. Colt gave to the city of Hartford land for a public park, to the Episcopal Church her home called Armsmear or (meadow of arms), money to build a wing for the Wadsworth Atheneum, her art and treasures to fill the addition. (isn’t that what the rich of those days did besides the murder, mayhem and exploitation of workers?) She also after Sam Colt died built a Church in his memory, complete with craved guns and other gun workings, a larger than life representation of  Sam Colt dressed as the Old Testament Joesph, and a large ornate parish house complete with ballroom in memory of her son. Nice. What a good lady.

mrs. colt 2

Mrs. Elizabeth Jarvis Colt and Son Caldwell Colt.

Mrs. Colt in her lifetime also was involved with good works for the community of Hartford. (2) We tell these things to get our questions moving, questions that must be asked of the past, not to change it, but to come to a understanding so the mistakes of the days gone by are not repeated. This blog does not wish to in anyway celebrate the 1% of yesterday who were as we well know criminals plain and simple. We really don’t care that Mrs. Colt or any of the other rich folks did good works in their communities for their own people, other americkkkans, when they plundered and robbed, caused mayhem and murder, towards the “others” of the world. We do not celebrate ill gotten treasures.We can not allow and stand by when the supporters of empire try their hardest  to sugar coat, sanitize and disinfect their heroes or sheroes to make them look like saints among the heathen sinners even if it is only for a great party.

A question that was brought up was how could we look at folks in history past through our eyes of today.

We don’t as simply as that. We can get the look ball rolling and then go from there. Horror is horror no matter what day and age it is committed in and if we can’t see that then we are lost. We can not as some say excuse it because that is the way people acted in those days.

As Faulkner teaches, “the past is never dead. It’s not even past.” Mankind cannot continue to advance and ascend as long as we ignore or obfuscate our history. This is a very important idea. No it isn’t the past really. Our grandmothers and their mothers told us the stories. Two or three generations removed from the trail of tears, from the final solution of the eastern tribes. I know a woman whose grandmother was born a slave, went through the civil war as a child and all the horrors and victories that came about for African American folks after that. My grandmother’s sister who came to live with us told my sister and me about being a member of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and what the women of that generation went through. My grandmother worked for the William Sloane family in their mansion as a kitchen helper and told us about what she faced on the low rung of the working class ladder and what it was like to work for the very wealthy.(they treated her like shit)  So stories of the past are indeed alive and well with many of us.

Yes, the past lives on in many of us, as living as the photographs of these days when the empire of whites expanded, killing anything in the way that might hamper what they wanted. Yes it lives on in the struggles of our foremothers and forefathers fighting against the boss, the Capitalist, and horrible working conditions. They tell their stories and we are there.  We look at the Colt treasures and know that it is from the blood of our people that these treasures exist for people to enjoy today, meanwhile some forget or not think that it is important to understand, how these ill gotten things came about. I am ashamed of these people they are pawns. Pawns of the 1%. 

In many cases such as the 1% of yesterday  if we only celebrate the good that people have done we are not telling the full story. In the case of the Colts we are washing over the buckets of blood that built the Colt empire. Mrs. Colt as she stands would be nothing in our history books if it were not for the guns produced by her merchant of death husband Samuel Colt and her following in his footstep. When we say this we are  just stating a fact. The Colt fortune and the good works that came from it would not have been possible without the guns.

Let us ask ourselves these questions.

1. We must ask ourselves is it okay  for us to celebrate the wonderful treasures that  people like Mrs. Colt donated to the city and somehow forget the how? 

2. How was Mrs. Colt  able to amass such treasures?

3. Do we dismiss that question or any thinking that goes along that line because we were not on the end of the Colt Beating Stick?

4. Can we celebrate only what we have gained and never question how these gains were made?

5. Do we excuse what this nation and its war profiteers do around the world as long as we are not affected by it?

We like what Bessy Marie had to say after visiting the Lyman Allyn Museum in New London Connecticut, that was built on fortunes amassed in the whaling industry.

It seems to be the same old, same old, always something has to die, or some area is devastated just to give the citizens the chance to learn about or to see art. Do we use the final outcome as an excuse to forget or to sanitize the how? From death and destruction comes our art museums, libraries,  universities, churches, and all sorts of other things provided to us by the filthy rich. Do these practices of the wealthy pacify the people from questioning the why, and mitigate the crimes that have been committed, and are still going on here today with companies and business executives who are making millions on death and destruction. Art and murder funny bedfellows. You can have it as far as I am concerned.”

The shrinking lands of the peoples of the first nation. Peace can only be won at the end of a gun.

Native lands

The New Machinery of Death

(an appropriation collage in the service of the people)

The Gatling Machine Gun Racist Empire Expanding and Keeping Workers Under Control

Richard Gatling created his gun during the American Civil War, he sincerely believed that his invention would end war by making it unthinkable to use due to the horrific carnage possible by his weapons.( goodness we have heard that line so many times before) At the least, the Gatling Gun’s power would reduce the number of soldiers required to remain on the battlefield. Richard Jordan Gatling, was a physician. Gatling neatly divided his sympathies during the Civil War. While trying to sell machine guns to the Union, he was an active member of the Order of American Knights, a secret group of Confederate sympathizers and saboteurs. (a)


(photo from the official Gatling Gun site.)

Against the Workers who dare to talk back to boss,the 1% holds tight and the expansion of empire.

The symbolic power of the Gatling gun became evident early in its history. In July 1863, at the height of the Civil War Draft Riots in New York City, Henry Jarvis Raymond, a founder and owner of The New York Times and a supporter of President Lincoln and the Conscription Act passed in March of that year, mounted three Gatling guns in windows and on the roof of the newspaper’s office to deter rioters from attacking the building. According to Julia Keller “…it was not only military men but also police officers and wealthy private citizens who desired (Gatling guns). By the 1870s, mine owners and railroad tycoons had discovered that Gatling guns came in handy for keeping discontented workers in line….” (b)

The Gatling Gun Company marketed its product accordingly. During the Railroad Strike of 1877, which engulfed western Pennsylvania and the Midwest, Edgar T. Welles, son of Glastonbury native and former Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles, and the manager of the Gatling Gun Company, wrote to John W. Garrett, president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, which was a primary target of striking workers: Let us be sure to note that at this time the guns were produced at the Colt factory in Hartford Ct.

We enter below the words of a letter sent by Edgar T. Wells. To see a copy of the original letter see, The “Gatling Letter:” Murdering Workers for profit 1877. This posting was published on July 19, 2014.  (c) (Happy Birthday Sammy Boy!)

“The recent riotous disturbances throughout the country have shown the necessity of preparation by such confrontations as the one over which you preside, to meet violence by superior force and skill. The calls made upon us during the existence of the riots were too sudden to be promptly met, and we have the honor to suggest that you strengthen yourselves now against such emergencies in the future, by providing yourselves with Gatling guns. The reputation, character and effectiveness of the gun, are too well known to be repeated. Four or five men only are required to operate it, and one Gatling with a full supply of ammunition, can clear a street or track, and keep it clear. Hence, a few tried employees supplied with Gatlings, afford a Railroad Company a perfect means of defense within itself. “

Welles apologized that the company was unable to keep up with the demand for the guns, and his statement that a “…few tried employees…can clear a street or track, and keep it clear,” is an early example of aggressive rhetoric that may have implied, but did not specify, that “tried” men actually would have to fire at striking workers to achieve their goal. Even in the most violent of 19th-century labor uprisings—The Railroad Strike of 1877, Haymarket in 1886, the Homestead Strike of 1892, and the Pullman Strike of 1894—Gatling guns, when used, were typically wheeled into place in the face of striking workers but not fired.(3)

Of course, that wasn’t always the case. Julia Keller notes, “A half dozen times between 1874 and 1878, Gatling guns were fired at Native Americans who resisted the takeover of their homelands.” Beginning in the 1860s and continuing through the end of the century, the Gatling Gun Company also supplied many foreign governments with their weapons. (6) Other nations also jumped on the Gatling gun bandwagon. Orders for the weapon came in from countries like Russia, Japan, Turkey, Spain, and Britain. Yes an arms war, more kill for the money with one big gun.

The Union’s chief of ordnance was uninterested in Gatling’s gun, so it was little used during the Civil War. A few were procured by commanders, sometimes with private funds. Union naval officer David D. Porter used some, in 1864 Gen. Benjamin Butler used 12 and The Army Ordnance Department belatedly ordered 100 in 1866. The Colt Company produced these and all Gatlings thereafter.

copper head 2

Northern Copperheads in a 1863 cartoon as snakes which would strike without warning. (6a & 6b)

One reason the Gatling gun was not used officially during the war, partly because of Gatling’s affiliation with the “Copperheads,” a group of antiwar Democrats who opposed Lincoln’s policies and were suspected of treason. (6a ) Also, he had offered to sell the gun to anyone, including the Confederacy and foreigners. Many Gatlings were sold to England, Austria, and Russia and to South American nations. Until about 1900 they were used in small wars. The U.S. Army used them against the American Indians.

Hello Mrs. Colt. You’ll love my gun for sure.

In a letter to the widow of the famous gunmaker Samuel Colt in 1877, Gatling expressed his feelings about his invention of the weapon (Gatling and Colt’s widow were neighbors in Hartford, Connecticut, in the 1870s, where Colt Arms was also producing Gatling Guns for the U.S. Army).

In 1877, Gatling lived in Hartford, Connecticut next door to Mrs. Colt, widow of the late Samuel Colt at whose factory the Gatling Gun Company now contracted the manufacture of their guns. Mrs. Colts little niece, Elizabeth Jarvis, was a frequent visitor to the Gatling’s hospitable residence, and Gatling explained to her his beliefs at the time he developed the guns:
“It may be interesting to you to know how I came to invent the gun which bears my name,” Gatling wrote to Mrs. Colt. “I will tell you: In 1861, during the opening events of the war…I witnessed almost daily the departure of troops to the front and the return of the wounded, sick, and dead. The most of the latter lost their lives not in battle but by sickness and exposure incident to the service. It occurred to me if I could invent a machine—a gun—which could by its rapidity of fire, enable one man to do as much battle as a hundred, that it would, to a great extent, supersede the necessity of large armies, and consequently, exposure to battle and disease be greatly diminished.” (4 )

So contrary to the opinion of some, who stated that Mrs. Colt sat back and the money rolled in as she did her good works, Mrs. Colt did indeed keep working, filling buckets with blood and the guns got better and bigger with more killing power.(5)  Mrs. Colt the benevolent patronage of the poor and the arts got richer and richer on the death of others.” Even though Sam Colt had died in 1862, his widow Elizabeth, had made a series of shrewd business decisions and the Colt factories were thriving as never before.” This was the greatest period of prosperity from 1870-1890 under the stern watch and hand of Mrs. Elizabeth Colt.  (6) The buckets kept filling, the revolver turned faster and faster killing more and more. On the banner that flew, were the words, Peace can be won when you blow them all to kingdom come. Do these types of folk sleep good at night? (5a )

No other U.S. company produced as many fully automatic rifles, best known as machine guns, as did Colt Firearms. In large part, this was due to Colt’s long and profitable relationship with John Moses Browning. As early as 1891, Colt Firearms worked with Browning to produce a gas-operated, air-cooled (later water-cooled) machine gun. That gun was first delivered to the U.S. Navy in 1897 and was destined to play a major role in both the Boxer Rebellion and the Spanish-American War.

Expansion of Empire. The British and the Gatling

“From an imperialist standpoint the machine gun was nearly the perfect laborsaving device, enabling a tiny force of whites to mow down multitudes of brave but thoroughly out gunned native warriors.”  Robert L. O’Connell.

gatling zulu 2

Photograph by Lieutenant-Colonel Wilfred Anderson, 1879, Zulu Wars (7)

According to the Army War Museum this photo was taken at a camp in Khambula. It is of Wood’s column who had defeated a major Zulu attack, inflicting at least 3,000 casualties. As the Zulu’s fell back in retreat they were routed by the irregular cavalry lending a crushing blow to the Zulu nation.

‘Dabulamanzi’, brother of King Cetshwayo and commander of the Zulu Army at Isandlwana where the Zulus massacred a battalion of the British Army on 22 January 1879. It was the first major encounter in the Anglo-Zulu War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom.

photo of Dabulamanzi from the Illustrated London News.

‘Dabulamanzi’, brother of King Cetshwayo and commander of the Zulu Army at Isandlwana where the Zulus massacred a battalion of the British Army on 22 January 1879. It was the first major encounter in the Anglo-Zulu War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. (8)

The Gatling gun was used most successfully to expand European colonial empires by killing warriors of non-industrialized societies mounting massed attacks, including the Matabele, the Zulu, the Bedouins, and the Mahdist. Imperial Russia purchased 400 Gatling guns and used them against Turkmen cavalry and other nomads of central Asia. The Royal Navy used Gatling guns against the Egyptians at Alexandria in 1882. (d)

Red River War

American Indian Chief, Quanah Parker

Comanche Chief Quanah Parker (photo, Texas History Page)

After the Red River War, there were no independent tribes ranging the Southern Plains by the end of 1875 and most of the buffalo were wiped out.

The campaign began in June, 1874, after numerous attacks on settlers by the southern Plains Indians. However, these attacks were spawned by the government’s default of its obligations under the 1867 Treaty of Medicine Lodge. (9 )

Red River Indian War,  (1874–75), uprising of warriors from several Indian tribes thought to be peacefully settled on Oklahoma and Texas reservations, ending in the crushing of the Indian dissidents by the United States. Presumably the Treaty of Medicine Lodge (Kansas, October 1867) had placed on area reservations a number of Southwestern tribes: the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, and Kataka. Many braves, unwilling to accept this life of confinement, broke out repeatedly to raid white travelers and settlers. Encouraged by chiefs Big Tree and Satanta, Indians carried out an attack in 1874 that killed 60 Texans and launched the war. In the fall of 1874, about 3,000 federal infantry and cavalry, under the overall command of General William Tecumseh Sherman, converged on the Indians concentrated in the Red River valley, Texas. Resistance was so determined that 14 pitched battles were required to curb the Indian power by mid-November.

A Kiowa ledger drawing possibly depicting the Buffalo Wallow battle in 1874, one of several clashes between Southern Plains Indians and the U.S. Army during the Red River War. (Wikipedia)

Gatling guns were used by the Army during the Red River War in Texas in 1874, and again in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) the following year.

At the Battle of Red River on August 30, 1874, Col. Nelson Miles used the Gatling against the Southern Cheyenne—the first time the gun was used in combat west of the Mississippi River.

Again let us ask this very important question?

Do the practices of giving by the wealthy pacify the people from questioning the why and how and mitigate the crimes that have been committed against others?

More Buffalo dung- A white settler in  Hartford speaks her mind.  (10)


Photo: Answer Party.

The  pile of Dung award goes to Leslie Hammon writing on the Colt Big Bash facebook page for her creepy misguided quote on history. Here comes the KKK, now jump up and praise them give them a hug baby. Her quote-

“Of course many of us are mixed about celebrating our gun history -but it is our history -and the more i hear about the colts i wish i knew them because they were strong individuals which i love ! We can’t pick what history we like or don’t like -i say accept and embrace it all -it made us who we are today !” 


Let’s just leave it to stand like that. Alone without even mentioning the dung beetle award for the  folks who agreed with her in the comment section.


“We fight against all forms of racism and support the right of self-determination against national/racial oppression.

The United States was built on a history of genocide, slavery, land theft, and the exploitation and scapegoating of immigrants. Because of the historical and structural connections between capitalism and white supremacy, the social disease of racism cannot be eradicated under capitalism, and overcoming white supremacy and national oppression is a central task of a revolutionary socialist movement.

This blog does not support heroes of empire be they dead or living. We seek to topple and transform the empire and build a just society. We can not fully do this when some do not question the roles of the 1% of yesterday and as we said therefore dismiss the 1% of today. Today in Hartford we see a leader who is against certain backroom deals of the politicians and the 1% but is more than willing to argue with us against our thoughts on Sam and Elizabeth Colt. Misguided to say the least. An apologist for empire and all the horrors that the world did under go because of their practices. We hate to say it and say it out loud in such a small city as Hartford but lines must be drawn. On one side are those who celebrate the heroes and sheroes of empire not only in the past, by excusing their crimes but by doing so they excuse the criminals of today and on the other side  the rest of us.

Again we must quote our comrade: “As indigenists, as revolutionaries, we stand firm in our rejection of all heroes of empire and the distorted histories around them spun by both the forces of the colonial state and its loyal opposition among the so-called left”

… Eaemaehkiw Thupaq Kesiqnaeh




Hartford’s Soldiers Aid Society

Civil War Sanitary Commission

Civil War Sanitary Committee (illustration from Harper’s Weekly 4/9/1864)

“The Hartford Soldiers’ Aid Society became the central organizing body for all other state aid societies. Its first president, Sarah S. Cowen, constantly peppered newspapers with appeals, writing to the Hartford Daily Courant in May 1863, “It is hoped that the battles which are now being fought, and those constantly impending, may stimulate the humane public to new efforts in behalf of our sick and wounded soldiers.”  The societies raised money, collected a wide assortment of garments, medical supplies, and books, as well as food.  They collected just about every conceivable item and often received letters from soldiers, as well as regimental chaplains and surgeons, requesting specific materials. – See more at:
(so can we note here, blow their legs and arms off on one hand, make a ton of money, and sooth the wounded on the other.)
A very interesting side note here is the story of the founding of Mothers Day and the Mothers work during the Civil war.Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis’ work with women’s organizations inspired the creation of Mother’s Day as a national holiday. Jarvis organized a series of Mothers’ Day Work Clubs in Webster, Grafton, Fetterman, Pruntytown, and Philippi, to improve health and sanitary conditions. Among other services, the clubs raised money for medicine, hired women to work for families in which the mothers suffered from tuberculosis, and inspected bottled milk and food. In 1860, local doctors supported the formation of clubs in other towns.The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad made Taylor County a strategic site during the Civil War. Ann Jarvis urged the Mothers’ Day Work Clubs to declare their neutrality and provide relief to both Union and Confederate soldiers. The clubs treated the wounded and regularly fed and clothed soldiers stationed in the area. Jarvis also managed to preserve an element of peace in a community being torn apart by political differences.  See, Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis for more information.

(3)  Were the Gatling Machine Guns used against the workers of americkkka? Protecting the assets of the wealthy.

Accounts vary.

See the article Machine Guns In the Financial District


 Steel Fortress on the Roof New York Financial District. (Frank Leslie, Illustrated Newspaper 4/8/1881)

Here is one account from Connecticut Explored: The Mere Presence of a Gatling.

a strike against Ore Mills tells us that two Gatling guns were used during the miners strike in Colorado for fear and intimidation. See A Strike Against The Ore Mills Here.

“National Guard troops were deployed and more than three hundred soldiers escorted non-union employees to and from work.[59] The Colorado City mayor, the chief of police, and the city attorney complained to the governor, stating in a letter that “there is no disturbance here of any kind.” At least 600 citizens of Colorado City opposed the deployment by signing petitions or sending wires to the governor stating, for example, that “a few occasional brawls” did not justify military occupation. But the soldiers dispersed union pickets. They searched union member’s homes and they put the union hall under surveillance. They backed up their activities with two Gatling guns.”

For an interesting read See Colorado Labor Wars. After reading this it will become clear which side you are on.

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877  federal troops and posse In Scranton Penn. We read this:

On August 1, 1877, in Scranton a vigilante “committee” of over two hundred men armed with new rifles from the Scranton Iron Company’s owners fired into a crowd of unarmed, striking miners killing three of them and wounding an undetermined number of others. The city was put under martial law and occupied by state and federal troops armed with machine (gatling) guns. The posse’s leader is quoted as ordering the vigilantes, “shoot to kill.” He and fifty-one posse members were charged with murder. They were all acquitted. The shootings and military occupation ended the miners’ strike. None of their demands were met.

It is interesting to note that Sam Colt was notorious for “keeping his workers in line” So is it a far jump to say that he would have loved the idea behind the Gatling Gun and the way that it was used for intimidation of workers who dared to stand up against boss.

(4) Gattling’s letter to Mrs. Colt from The Gatling Gun HERE.

By the time of Gatling’s elderly years, the story had grown slightly in nobility; as his granddaughter, Mrs. Albert Newcombe, remembers it. “He was a most peace-loving soul, and I remember that his reason for inventing that then-lethal gun, was to make war so horrible that it would end wars.” Just like the whitewashing of Sam Colt by Elizabeth Colt and by the apologists of today.

(5 ) A Hartfordite’s response on what did Mrs. Colt do after Sam Died? “Mrs. Colt was the sole heir to Sam’s estate. I would imagine as the owner of Colt Firearms, Armsmear, and all other money and property that had belonged to Sam, it wasn’t necessary for her to “make” money–it just came to her.”  Yes sure, Mrs. Colt followed in Sams footsteps racking up millions by filling buckets with blood.  So let’s argue Ms. Hartfordite.

(5a) Do they sleep good at night? In the case of Mrs. Sarah Winchester the heiress to the Winchester Repeating Arms fortune the answer is a big loud NO!  According to the legends surrounding her, she felt that her family was cursed, and sought out spiritualists to determine what she should do. A Boston medium, believed to be a psychic, allegedly told her that the Winchester family was cursed by the spirits of all the people who had been killed by the Winchester rifle, and she should move west to build a house for herself and the spirits. The medium is claimed to have told Sarah that if construction on the house ever stopped, she would join her husband and infant daughter.  (Check out more about Mrs. Winchester HERE) For more about the Winchester Mystery House see HERE.

This wonderful song writen and sung by Matt Bayton-Dog Ears and posted on you tube by Neshanoo is a must to listen to.

A very interesting reading The Colt Family Curse: The Winchesters were not the only gun-makers haunted by history.

(6) Julia Keller. Mr. Gatling’s Terrible Marvel: The Gun That Changed Everything and the Misunderstood Genius Who Invented It.

(6a) Copperheads were the most extreme elements of the Peace Democrats during the civil war who were located in the Northern States.   For months, Democratic associations in New York City had been distributing pamphlets and organizing public rallies that denounced the war, emancipation, blacks, Lincoln, and Republicans in terms of class and race warfare.  Governor Horatio Seymour promised to challenge the draft law in court, arguing that the quotas for Democratic strongholds, including most of New York City, were unfairly higher than for Republican districts.  Other anti-draft voices called for armed resistance, and at a mass meeting on July 4, Seymour warned, “the bloody and treasonable and revolutionary doctrine of public necessity can be proclaimed by a mob as well as by a government.” For more information on the Copperheads see Copperhead Politics.

(6b) Our good friend and comrade Steve Thornton wrote an article on Sam Colt,  The Shameful Legacy of Sam Colt, where he stated this:

Colt decried the “Black Republican Devils” he employed, and asked a politician friend to publicly encourage manufacturers to fire employees who supported abolition. Northern business interests “promoted, prolonged and profited from slavery,” according to Complicity,  the book recently written by three Hartford Courant reporters, who documented Northerners’ dependence on slavery in building financial empires.

This profit connection was made crystal clear on Dec. 16, 1859, at Hartford city hall. The building was packed with local supporters of “states’ rights,” a coded phrase that justified Southern slavery. Southern states were being unjustly attacked “from a class of men at the North who constantly harp at Slavery,” said one speaker. Another used thinly disguised racist rhetoric to make his point. “Lovers of negroes become haters of white men,” former Hartford Mayor William J. Hamersley told the crowd.

William W. Eaton, who later became a U.S. senator, connected the dots when he addressed the crowd of politicians and businessmen. “Look to your pockets,” he told them. “We desire Southern cotton and corn. She is agricultural. She comes to us for her loans, insurance and goods. She is our best customer; and I have yet to learn     that a sane business man will kick his best customer out of doors.”

Samuel Colt was one of the principal sponsors of the mass meeting.  Colt joined the unanimous vote to condemn abolition and those who were trying to increase the pressure on the South to end slavery and against emancipation. Despite protests from his apologists, Colt was a “copperhead,” a northern Democrat who opposed Lincoln.”

(7 ) The National Army Musuem Book of the Zulu War by Ian Knight (Sidgwick and Jackson, 2003)

(8 ) Anglo-Zulu War

(9) Red River Wars

For a reading on Comanche Chief Quanah Parker see:

Empire of the Summer Moon: Quanah Parker and the Rise and Fall of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History: S. C. Gwynne: 9781416591061: Books

(10) Our Buffalo Dung Award will be given out every once in awhile to white settlers who make stupid misguided statements about the past, the present or the misreading of the future.

Notes on The New Machinery of Death (an appropriation collage)

(a) The History of the Gatling Gun @

(b)  Gatling Gun

(c) The Gatling Letter:” Murdering Workers for profit 1877.

(d) Emmott, N.W. “The Devil’s Watering Pot” United States Naval Institute Proceedings September 1972 p. 71. Wikipedia file.

Just One Big Problem with the 1% of yesterday =One Big Problem with the 1% of today.

Ever hear the words, “Rich man’s war, Poor man’s fight?” Well those were the words of many who opposed the Civil war. (Let the bells start ringing in your heads and move out from there) We wish to enter this information to again remind folks that the 1% of yesterday are and were as bad as the 1% of today. No one to celebrate back then and no one to celebrate as they continue to spew their venom. The wealthy have never yet sacrificed themselves upon the altar of patriotism.

Among those New Yorkers purchasing $300 commutations were both Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt’s fathers; later in life, the warlike T.R. was embarrassed by his father’s decision.  Among those paying for a substitute were financier J.P. Morgan, businessmen John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie, and a young Erie County assistant district attorney named Grover Cleveland.  Cleveland, his family’s principal wage-earner, paid a 32-year-old Polish immigrant $150 to take his place in the ranks, George Pullman, James Fisk ( became rich during the war by smuggling Southern cotton through Union blockades and selling Confederate bonds to Europeans. He used both sides of the War when it was most beneficial to him.) and Collis P Huntington. Substitution was not unprecedented; it had existed in Europe, during the American Revolution, in the pre-Civil War militia, and in the Confederacy.  Particularly in New York City’s case, however, as Iver Bernstein noted, the draft law was “biased against the poor. (When will we ever learn?) Yes these robber barons avoided the are and during the war made lots of money in anyway that they could.

We have to wonder how Richard Jarvis, Elizabeth Colts brother escaped conscription as he was at the time of the war still young enough to serve.

Read more:

1. Civil War Draft Records: Exemptions and Enrollments.

2. $300 commutation payment was the yearly wage of a common laborer.  Many rich men who wanted a permanent exemption from the war could hire a replacement. In the south all one had to “own” 20 slaves to get out of the service.

3. The Civil War: A rich man’s battle, but a poor man’s war.

Staying Home And Beating The War Drum

Some notable draft dodgers of our generation who didn’t seem to mind sending others to war were, George Walker Bush, Dick Cheney, Bill Clinton, John Tower, Dick Armey, Newt Ginfrich, Ralph Reed, Sean Hannity, Bill O’Reilly, George Will, Dan Quayle, Karl Rove and Pat Buchanan.

1. See America’s artful dodgers: Loyal Servants who did not serve in Vietnam.

2. For a full listing see: Who Served In The Military.

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