A shero among our people.

Posted: May 10, 2020 in *Celebration*, Call to Action, Fight war and war mongers, for your reflection, In Remembrance

On this day, 10 May 1904 Dutch cellist, conductor, lesbian and anti-Nazi resistance member Frieda Belinfante was born in Amsterdam.
During the German occupation she joined the resistance and began forging documents for people hiding from the Nazis and their collaborators. Along with gay resistance fighter Willem Arondeus she helped plan a successful attack on the Amsterdam population registry which destroyed ID records so that forged papers couldn’t be identified.
While the other members of the group were captured and executed, Frieda managed to evade capture by disguising herself as a man, and eventually fleeing to Switzerland with the help of the French resistance. She survived the war and lived until the age of 90.

The lesbian cellist and conductor Frieda Belinfante was a leading figure in the artists resistance. Dressed up as a man she participated in the resistance and escaped the Gestapo.
The couple Ru Paré and Do Versteegh saved over fifty Jewish children.

The famous socialist and homo-erotic writer Jef Last was part of the resistance group ‘De Vonk’ (The Spark). He was in contact with the editors of the magazine ‘Levensrecht’ (The Right to Live) (1940), which after the war formed the basis for the COC (Dutch Gay Organisation). Nico Engelschman and Jaap van Leeuwen were active in several resistance groups. Jaap Diekmann went underground, was caught and worked as a forced laborer in Germany.

Other COC-members included Gé Winter, who saved his Jewish friend Van Spiegel and his family, and the publisher and interpreter Henri Methorst from The Hague, who kept psychiatrist Coen van Emde Boas and his wife out of Nazi hands.

In Groningen tobacco manufacturer Willy Niemeijer, was involved in underground activities and later perished in Neuengamme concentration camp.

In Amsterdam the Castrum Peregrini was active, a safe-house for Jewish refugees around the German intellectual Wolfgang Frommel, follower of the poet Stefan George. Homo-eroticism was a concealed theme in their circle. The poets Percy Gothein and Vincent Weyand were arrested on grounds of homosexuality and died in a concentration camp. The writer Wolfgang Cordan was the leader of an armed resistance group.

From Gays and Lesbians in War and Resistance. 

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